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LOCATION & NEARBY

Situated at a crossroads of Eastern and Western influence, Montenegro has inherited a unique blend of influences including: Pagan, Illyrian, Hellenistic, Roman, Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Islamic. Its land has been inhabited for over 180,000 years, with historical remains dating back to archaeological findings in the famous Crvena Stijena cave - the first discovered habitat of prehistoric man in Montenegro. Since that time, it has experienced a fascinating history.

Towards the end of the 2nd century BC, after its division into Eastern and the Western Empires, Montenegro became part of the Eastern Roman Empire, later named Byzantium. Towards the end of the 6th and the beginning of the 7th centuries, Slavic tribes began to inhabit the territory of Montenegro. They were the ancestors of the people living here today.

In the 9th century the Slavic tribes founded their own state, independent from Byzantium. During the Middle Ages, not only was the independent state founded, but also a varied and significant cultural heritage: architectural monuments belonging to the great stylistic epochs (Pre-Romanesque, Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance), and literary-historical and religious works which followed the modern spirit of the times. Towards the end of the 15th century, a printing house was started, the first among the South-Slavic countries. During the middle Ages, religious institutions of both the main Christian Churches were founded on the territory of Montenegro – the Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox, both of which are active today.

Evidence of the harmonious differences that have existed for centuries in Montenegro is the phenomenon of churches with two altars: one for the Orthodox Christians and the other for the Catholics. Such churches exist places where members of different Christian faiths live.

Like most of the Balkan states, Montenegro also suffered a tragic loss of independence when it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire. This rule lasted for many years, leaving Montenegro with another tradition: Islam. That is why, today, there are many monuments of Islamic architecture and traces of diversified cultural creativity.

Since the Ottoman period, Montenegro has become one of the most interesting places in the Balkans. Despite its small territory, which may be crossed in a two-day walk, it contains many heritage examples of its Eastern and Western Christian civilizations and of the Islamic world. All these different worlds have managed to find harmony in Montenegro, and remain unchanged to this day. Even during the great battles in the Balkans during the 20th century, this Montenegrin harmony of different worlds was not disturbed.

The Kingdom of Montenegro took part in the First World War on the side of Triple Entente. The war took a great toll on human life and the country was largely devastated. After the First World War, Montenegro was no longer an independent country as it became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) which was founded in 1918.

Montenegro’s independence was re-established in 2006, when the majority of its citizens voted in a referendum.

BY SEA

Kotor 9 NM
Budva 21 NM
Dubrovnik 32 NM
Split 145 NM
Corfu 188 NM

BY LAND

Tivat (International Airport) 17 KM
Podgorica (International Airport) 101 KM
Dubrovnik (International Airport) 34 KM

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